Hon. Justice Clara Bata Ogunbiyi JSC was born on the 27th of February 1948 at Lassa in Borno State into the family of Baba Bata and Malama Awa Shallangwa. She commenced her primary school education at the Lassa Primary School, which she attended between 1955 and 1958. Then she proceeded to Waka Primary School; and in 1960 she completed her primary school education. Between 1961 and 1965, her secondary school education took place at Government Girls Secondary School, Dala, in Kano State. Between 1966 and 1969, she worked briefly at Barclays Bank and then Northern Nigeria Marketing Board.